Dating the book of daniel 100 ebony dating
The second group of six chapters takes the form of visions which purport to be predictions at the time of Babylonian supremacy of what would happen to the four kingdoms of Babylon, Media, Persia, and Greece. 12: 1–4) the culmination of all history is proclaimed with God reigning supreme over a kingdom of the saints.Both the stories and the visions follow a chronological order denoted by the reigns of Nebuchadnezzar to Cyrus.We don't even have to show that the book was in its current form at all-if we can even find references or close/obvious allusions to the images/languages in Daniel, we will have ante-dated the events, and hence, have encountered 'real' prophecy.Daniel is a legendary figure of wisdom and righteousness who features in Ezek. The book of Daniel was published under his name as an appropriate pseudonym, as was usual with apocalyptic writing, some of whose characteristics are shared by this book.The book is placed by Christians, following the LXX, in the section of the OT after the major prophets; but in the Hebrew Bible it is included among the Writings.The first six chapters contain the popular stories of the Burning Fiery Furnace, Belshazzar’s Feast, and the Lions’ Den.the triumph of Greece)."Though these dreams and visions all concern events in the future, there is considerable variation both in the timescale involved and in the scope of the events predicted. ""Quite apart from the historicity of the figure of Daniel, the authenticity of the book had already been questioned by the 3d century Neoplatonist philosopher Porphyry.Some dreams predict events for the immediate future, some for the more distant future, and some for the very distant future. According to the relation of his opinions by Jerome (who spent much of his commentary on Daniel refuting Porphyry's arguments), Porphyry contended that the remarkably accurate "predictions" contained in Daniel (esp. 11) were the result of a pious fraud, perpetrated by some zealous propagandist of the Maccabean movement, who wished to encourage a spirit of heroism among the Jewish patriots resisting Antiochus IV. We are informed by Jerome that: "Porphyry wrote his twelfth book against the prophecy of Daniel, denying that it was composed by the person to whom it is ascribed in its title, but rather by some individual living in Judaea at the time of that Antiochus who was surnamed Epiphanes; he further alleged that 'Daniel' did not foretell the future so much as he related the past, and lastly that whatever he spoke of up till the time of Antiochus contained authentic history, whereas anything he may have conjectured beyond that point was false, inasmuch as he would not have foreknown the future.""As to the date of the composition of Daniel, the narrative of the prophet's earliest experiences begins with his capture as a hostage by Nebuchadnezzar back in 605-604 B. and according to continues certainly till the first year of Cyrus (c. C.), in relation to his public service, and to the third year of Cyrus (535 B.
11: 31) must have been a prediction of the desecration of the Temple in 70 CE; while Christians—for whom the coming of the Son of Man (Dan.The dream of Pharaoh's butler indicated that he would be release from prison 'within three days' ("The Maccabean date hypothesis, a widely held theory of the origin and date of the Book of Daniel, was originally advanced by the third-century A. The discomfiture of Nebuchadnezzar and Belshazzar as related in Daniel were intended to be prophetic of the defeats and downfall of the hated Epiphanes."Following Jerome's refutation of Porphyry, he was more or less dismissed by Christian scholarship as a mere pagan detractor who had allowed a naturalistic bias to warp his judgment. C.), in relation to his prophetic ministry (Dan 10:1). The appearance of Persian-derived governmental terms, even in the earlier chapters composed in Aramaic, strongly suggests that these chapters were given their final form after Persian had become the official language of government."Notice carefully that our task is much more simple than would first appear.But during the time of the Enlightenment in the eighteenth century, all supernatural elements in Scripture came under suspicion, and Porphyry's theory received increasing support from J. Daniel seems to have revised and completed his memoirs during his retirement sometime about 532 or 530 B. when he would have been close to ninety years old (assuming his birth c. We do NOT have to demonstrate that the Book of Daniel was written according to conservative theories--in the 6th century BC.7: 13) meant the death and exaltation of Jesus—were equally aware of the eschatological significance of the abomination (Mark 13: 14). It was long assumed, and is still assumed by some conservative students of the OT, that the book is describing the faithfulness of Jews to their religion under Babylonian and Persian overlords in the 6th cent.BCE and was prophesying further horrors in the future.
The prophecies that are usually 'objected to' in this way are the detailed prophecies in chapter 11, especially with reference to 11.21-35 dealing with Antiochus Epiphanes. They all agreed that every accurate prediction in Daniel was written after it had already been fulfilled (a ) and therefore in the period of the Maccabean revolt (168-165 B. Also some of them were inclined to question the unity of the book on the ground of internal evidence and language differences; certain portions of the book--particularly the narratives in chapters 2-6--were thought to come from third-century authors or even earlier.